NT Eschatology—Letters 04

Brothers and sisters, we have a request for you concerning our Lord Jesus Christ’s coming and when we’re gathered together to be with him. We don’t want you to be easily confused in your mind or upset if you hear that the day of the Lord is already here, whether you hear it through some spirit, a message, or a letter supposedly from us. Don’t let anyone deceive you in any way. That day won’t come unless the rebellion comes first and the lawless person is revealed, who is headed for destruction. He’s the opponent of every so-called god or object of worship and promotes himself over them. So he sits in God’s temple, displaying himself to show that he’s God. You remember that I used to tell you these things while I was with you, don’t you? Now you know what holds him back so that he can be revealed when his time comes. The hidden plan to live without any law is at work now, but it will be secret only until the one who’s holding it back is out of the way. Then the lawless person who will be revealed. The Lord Jesus will destroy him with the breath from his mouth. When the Lord comes, his appearance will put an end to him. When the lawless person comes, it will happen through Satan’s effort, with all kinds of fake power, signs, and wonders. It will happen with every sort of wicked deception of those who are heading toward destruction because they’ve refused to love the truth that would allow them to be saved. This is why God will send them an influence that will mislead them so that they’ll believe the lie. The result will be that everyone will be judged who is not convinced by the truth but is happy with injustice.

The second letter to the Thessalonians was written shortly after the first letter, probably late 50 or early 51 CE. Paul wrote it to address an issue the Thessalonian followers of Jesus had—specifically, he wrote to them, “concerning our Lord Jesus Christ’s coming and when we are gathered together to be with him” (verse 1). As we’ve stated at the beginning of this series, the disciples received their view of eschatology from Jesus himself. As we can see in this passage, Paul stated the he and the Thessalonians followers of Jesus (at least) would be “gathered together to be with [Jesus].” This is the same message Jesus told the disciples in Matthew 24.29-31.

This is one of those passage where I really appreciate the Common English Bible. They’ve captured Paul’s meaning perfectly. He doesn’t want the Thessalonians to be “confused” or “upset” because they had heard “the day of the Lord is already here.” Most modern translations have a similar meaning.

Let’s just pause here for a moment and think about this. Some of the Thessalonian followers of Jesus were under the impression that the coming of Jesus had already occurred.

Let’s look at it like this. Some people would have us believe the return of Christ is a world ending event—i.e., the complete desolation of creation. If that’s so, then how could anyone have been duped into thinking that it had already happened? Furthermore, if the return of Christ really is that type of event, and these people really were tricked into believing it had already occurred (however unfathomable that is), all Paul would have had to write is, “Just look around! Everything’s still here! You’re still alive. I’m still alive. I’ve written you this letter and you’re reading it! So, it’s obvious that it hasn’t happened yet. Don’t be so easily deceived.”

But he doesn’t. And that’s hugely telling.

Paul start’s out his correction by saying, “Look...Jesus won’t return until two things happen. First, the rebellion takes place; then, the lawless person will be revealed.”

Another pause.

When Paul wrote this letter in 50/51 CE, he said there were only two things left before Jesus returned.


The rebellion.

And the revealing of the lawless person.

That’s it.

Two things.

And then Jesus would come back.

Now, let’s compare that to what Jesus said in Matthew 24. There, Jesus said that before he returned there would be:

  • many false messiahs
  • wars
  • reports of wars
  • famines
  • earthquakes
  • persecution of Jesus’ followers
  • many will fall away
  • false prophets
  • expanded disobedience
  • love will grow cold
  • worldwide gospel proclamation
  • “the disgusting and destructive thing standing holy place”
  • a time of “great suffering”


Thirteen things must take place before Jesus said he would return.

Paul wrote in 50/51 that only two things remained.

That means within roughly 20 years, eleven of the things Jesus told his followers to watch out for had already happened or were on-going when Paul wrote his second letter to the Thessalonians.

This is exceedingly important! Some people today are claiming that we’re seeing the “signs of the times,” meaning those thirteen things Jesus warned about. And yet, Paul wrote in the very early 50’s that only two things remained before Christ returned.

Someone’s gotten it wrong.

And as I stated in the beginning of this series, a lot of people are quick to point out that it’s the writers of the New Testament who were wrong. Yet, right here in the New Testament, we see Jesus’ predictions coming true. But, like most everything else Jesus said and did, it looks differently from what people expect.

Clearly, I think we’ve gotten it wrong. The clues are right there for all to see. However, like a lot of Jesus’ own contemporaries, we refuse to abandon our long held traditions and understandings. We have eyes but refuse to see (Mark 8.18; cf. Jeremiah 5.21).

Next time, we look at the “lawless person” Paul referred to. Click here for the next post in this series.

In the Love of the Three in One,

Br. Jack+, LC


Unknown said…
Based on the lists you provided, the two things listed Paul don't match up with any of the things in Jesus' list. This just seems like a glaring discrepancy, unless you can edit the article (or comment here) to explain that.
Jack Gillespie said…
This comment has been removed by the author.
Jack Gillespie said…
That's for reading, "Unknown"! You're right, I should have been clearer:

The two things that match up are:

"The many will fall away" = "the rebellion"

"the disgusting and destructive thing standing in the holy place" = "the person of lawlessness" "the one who brings destruction (NLT)" who "sits in God’s temple, displaying himself to show that he is God"

Of course, they're not "word for word" listed as the same -- and we shouldn't expect them to be. They're two different lists for two different groups of people written by two different authors or editors. Furthermore, if you hold to the late dating of Matthew, Paul wouldn't have had have a copy of it to quote from. And, if you hold to the early date (like I do) and he did have a copy of it, I'm not so sure quoting from it would have been much use. Matthew's audience were Jewish followers of Jesus, so they would have caught Jesus' reference from Daniel. Whereas, the Thessalonians were Gentiles, i.e., non-Jews, who were following The Way of Jesus and the reference probably wouldn't have worked.

Lastly, as we've seen, Jesus was referring to the coming war between the Jews and the Romans and the complete destruction of the city and Temple. This would have been roughly forty years before the outbreak of the war. Plus, he tied is "coming" to that event. Paul, writing this letter roughly fifteen years before the outbreak of the war, is referring to the same thing. I just doesn't make sense for Paul to be referring to a completely different event when the one Jesus predicted hadn't yet been fulfilled.

I hope that helps! Thanks for the question and thanks again for reading.

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